It is humanity that is always killed. Killing of human lives and mutilation of human existence is the crudest manifestation of it and has continued since the dawn of the civilization.
Hunting, gathering and shifting of nomads, war between early human settlements, imperialist wars, religious wars, rebellions, civilization clashes, world wars, racial wars, Holocaust, cold wars, internal and state-sponsored terrorism – it is always the humanity that is killed; it is always the human lives that are sacrificed.
It has continued to this age of the ‘global village hypothesis and has got embedded in the developments-on-work to realize the ‘hypothesis’. And the way the 20th Century has been and the 21st Century has begun, the human killing is going to continue unabated.
Nations have replaced the empires and politicians have donned the roles of the kings. And ‘many kings’ and ‘changing kings’ only exacerbate an existing perennial problem – the human greed.
The line between the need to survive and the need to please the greed has always been very thin and with increasing avenues to corner more of the limited resources in increasingly layered societies (or to say territorialized civilizations), it is fast losing its distinctiveness.
The modern-day structure of the existing civilizations has come into the shape after the European Renaissance and Enlightenment, the subsequent Industrial Revolution and the resultant European greed (and not quest) to rule over the world.
The world or the ‘global village’ (more in economic terms than for the concerns of the human parity), of the day has had its genesis in that human greed.
This greed had given the world two world wars in the last century killing tens of millions. This greed had given the humanity Holocaust, an unimaginable manifestation of dark nature of the human civilization. This greed had given the world a prolonged cold war that killed millions in the covert war between the two superpowers eager to widen their influence territories in the world. They promoted open and covert wars; war between the nations; wars in the nations.
In the last century, when the colonial empires and the belligerent nation states like Germany, Italy and Japan were bowing out, newer imperialist powers were taking shape. And therefore, the end of the colonial imperialism didn’t change much. Instead, the world became a battleground for the ‘formations’ of the greed of these newer nations (read democratically and autocratically run empires) or the ‘global superpowers’.
It left a legacy of distraught borders between many nations. It left a legacy of puppet leaders in many nations controlled by the superpowers. It left a legacy of regular covert wars to increase the territorial influence by stuffing (yes stuffing) more and more nations in the respective camps (of superpowers). It left a legacy that gave rise to global terrorism and a breed that generates terrorists across the globe now.
It left a legacy of irresolvable controversies (more of human greed) between the nations and in the nations.
By the time, the cold war collapsed in the last decades of the last Century, these irresolvable controversies had become monstrous in their contours. And the rise of a multi-polar world with no real ‘supercop like superpower’ only worsened the situation.
The nation states used as dummies by the super powers had become a sorry state of affairs. They had either installed democracy or the autocracy of monarchy or military. Many continue to remain so. But many, after the end of the cold war, could not assess where to go. They have lurched between failed democracies to oppressive autocracies. They continue to remain so. And the resultant chaos perfectly suits the greed of the ruling class, be it democratically elected or autocratically installed.
They needed a diversion and it came in the form of ‘nationalist rhetoric’. And the legacy of the distraught borders served pretty well to interests of the greedy class. The ruling classes in these countries indoctrinated the imaginations of the populations stuffing them with fear of the enemy in the next country beyond the border. They branded the whole countries as evils and force-fed this imagery. And they have successfully, with varying degree of failure, done so, establishing their rule. In such countries, the ruling faces change but the indoctrination remains the same. And today, such courtiers are the biggest sponsors of terrorism and state-sponsored terrorism, the war killing tens of thousands every year.
Alternatively, in case of civil war in nations, the similar developments happened on ethnic and religious lines. Here too, the leaders of one community exploited the fear and hatred sentiments of the masses to engage them in fighting for their own borders. Such ethnical and racial cleansing is still killing tens of thousands every year in many parts of the world.
The killing machinery having its origin in human greed has continued unabated in every such nation escalating the spectacle of an outbreak of man-made human calamity in future.
The condition is especially carcinogenic in autocratically run countries with controversial borders or countries with disturbed internal atmosphere like China, North Korea, many other African, Asian and South American nations like Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iraq, Zimbabwe, Nigeria, Congo, Somalia, Syria, and Sudan to name a few (yes, there are many!).
I have written in context of the state-sponsored killing of Sarabjit Singh in a jail of Pakistan: Sarabjit Singh was an Indian national who strayed in Pakistan from his village on India-Pakistan border. Victim of mistaken identity, he was prosecuted for spying and was sentenced to death though he was never given fair hearings.
He spent over two decades in Pakistani jail. With increasing international pressure and a good response by India in releasing Pakistani prisoners languishing in Indian jails, the rulers of Pakistan were facing tough questions on not releasing Sarabjit.
The Military and ISI (Intelligence) combination that runs Pakistan saw it as a threat as the civilian government could have released Sarabjit and it would have been a serious step in improving people-to-people contact between the two nations and could have served to lessen the hostile imagery. That would be ominous for the Pakistan Military that has ruled the country most of the time since its origin after the Indian Independence in 1947 feeding on the evil-imagery of India in Pakistan. A poor country with insufficient resources and chronic corruption, the rulers in Pakistan need some diversion and a ‘hostile India in the perception of the common Pakistani’ has served well to their scheming.
But, as the Sarabjit issue had become a matter of national politics in both the countries with some Pakistani groups advocating for a fair trial to Sarabjit and his release, they could not have him eliminated by hanging or shooting out.
So, the cowards as they have been, sponsoring state-run terrorism and back-stabbings, they got Sarabjit killed in a plot where some inmates of the Pakistani jail, where Sarabjit was lodged, brutally assaulted him that ultimately took his life today.
©/IPR: Santosh Chaubey – https://santoshchaubey.wordpress.com/