— In two days, Nepal has experienced two strong earthquakes. First occurred on Saturday 11:56 AM local time, was 7.8 in intensity according to the US Geological Survey, had occurred some 80 Kms from Kathmandu, was based in Lamjung and according to some reports, have damaged almost 40% of Nepal. It was felt in the neighbouring countries as well – India, China, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Bhutan. In India, it was felt most strongly with Bihar being the most affected. So far, the death toll in India is at 62 – 46 in Bihar, 13 in Uttar Pradesh, 2 in West Bengal and one today in Rajasthan. The quake was felt strongly in many parts of North and East India with reports from as far as Mumbai and Andhra Pradesh. The second one, 6.7 at Richter-Scale with epicentre in Kodari, hit the landlocked nation of 28 million today, hampering the rescue and relief operations.

— So far, in Nepal, the death toll has crossed the figure of 2500. It is expected to be in many thousands as the reports come. Many parts of the country are totally damaged. Entire localities and villages are wiped out. Nepal had seen it previously in 1934, a destruction of this scale with an earthquake of 8.2 had hit Nepal and Bihar killing over 10000. In injured count is over 6000.

— The impoverished nation is not capable of handling the crisis on its own. It needs food material, water and medicines for millions affected. Nepal’s Prime Minister Sushil Koirala left his Indonesia visit midway to return to Nepal today to personally look after the rescue efforts.

— As predicted by the Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) and other agencies, rains have begun in Nepal, further hampering the rescue, relief and reconnaissance operations. In next 48 hours, heavy to very heavy rains are expected in Nepal.

— There are no definite reports about the death toll at Everest base camp and the way up. So far, around 20 bodies have been recovered. Some reports say 200 are still missing in the area. Injured already count to 60. There are distress calls from the climbers with Tweets and Instagram pictures.

— Tribhuvan Airport of Kathmandu is again closed and all the air-lift operations related to rescue and relief matters have been put on hold.

— Since yesterday, Nepal has seen at least 46 aftershocks and there is no time-frame by which the quakes would stop. Many of these are at least 4 to 5 on the Richter-Scale. More avalanches, landslides and aftershocks are expected.

— People are outside, in the streets, in the tents, desperately needing relief. Survivors need helping hands. There are many for whom a further delay can be fatal but then, rains have come, heavy rains. There are many bodies trapped in the rubble. There are many remote areas where the reconnaissance missions have not reached.

— Rumours are keeping the parallel track alive. Differing toll figures are acceptable at this hour of crisis but what about fake images? Also, a silly rumour-mongering attitude at this time may further create the atmosphere of panic and hamper the efforts of machinery involved in relief work.

— Even if there are standalone villages in some remote areas, they are bound to have people. As the time would pass, we would have more reports from different parts on the extent of damage. Saturday’s quake epicentre Lamjung stands totally destroyed in the massive earthquake.

— India and the international community has come forward to help the devastated Mount Everest nation. India is the forefront of the rescue and relief efforts thrusting the largest contingent of personnel and relief material there. India has employed many of its military and civil aircrafts for rescue, relief and reconnaissance efforts there. The Indian Prime Minister is personally looking after the efforts and a team of senior ministers is to go to Nepal. Foreign Secretary, Home Secretary and IMD officials are holding regular pressers.

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©/IPR: Santosh Chaubey –


— Death toll in Nepal has reached over 2200. In India, it is around 60. In countries other than Nepal, the figure is around 80.

— Nepal had another aftershock today – of 6.7 according to the USGS – the tremors of which were felt in Nepal, many parts of India and Pakistan. It was a strong aftershock with epicentre 17 Kms South of Kodari and just 10 Kms deep. A tremor of magnitude 5 was also felt after it.

— Yesterday and today, Nepal has continued to feel the aftershocks. The whole of the Kathmandu valley is badly devastated. Social media is inundated with ‘before and after’ photographs. Many heritage buildings are lost, completely decimated to the ground. The quake has brought down entire localities and villages.

— India was the first country that sent its crew for rescue and relief work. C-130J and C-17 choppers reached with relief material, experts, officials and National Disaster Response Force personnel yesterday. Mi-17 helicopters were thrust into the operation as well.

— Indian Prime Minister is holding an emergency meeting at 3:30 PM after the strong aftershock today.

— The death toll in Mount Everest area, on and around its base camp, is around 20 and is expected to go with quake-induced avalanches.

— Nepal is epicentre of destruction. Maximum reports are available from Kathmandu and Kathmandu valley while, with the passing time, reports from other of quake-affected districts of Nepal will also be made available. Right now, the power and water lines are down and not working for most of the affected areas. Communication lines including the internet are also badly hit.

— The death-toll is expected to be in tens of thousands. The US Geological Survey has designated the danger level associated with Saturday’s earthquake as red meaning it is expecting ‘high casualties and extensive damage and the disaster is likely widespread.

— Nepal’s population is around 28 million and a major part of it is badly affected. According to the United Nations, in all, some 6.6 million people in Nepal are badly affected by Saturday’s earthquake and need national and international response. People are staying outdoors. Houses remain empty with mass-scale damage to houses and buildings and continued aftershocks.

— Nepal is an impoverished country. Tourism is one of the major factors pushing up the economy. Earth’s highest point, Mount Everest, is in Nepal and this, along with the Himalayan range, is hot trekking spot for tourists across the globe, earning the much required tourism money.

— Due to the quake, around 300,000 foreign tourists are trapped in Nepal.

— India, while helping the country with rescue and relief work and working on the reconnaissance missions, is also evacuating its people stranded there.

— Given the massive nature of earthquake and the destruction in its aftermath, help from various countries is reaching in Nepal, especially from its neighbours, India, China and Pakistan. They are trying to help the landlocked nation as well as evacuating their people trapped there. They are there with food items, equipments to rescue the survivors and to find the dead bodies from under the rubble, medical teams to help people, officials to engage in rescue and relief work, experts in these circumstances, reconnaissance missions for Kathmandu valley and other quake affected areas of Nepal and so far.

— From India, for 72 hours, all calls to Nepal on the BSNL network will be local calls while the same will be free for 48 hours on Airtel network.

— Air India, IndiGo and SpiceJet have announced to carry free cargo to Nepal in the aftermath.

— A strong earthquake yesterday, around Noon, had hit Nepal badly, sending strong tremors in the neighbouring countries of India, China, Pakistan, Bhutan and Bangladesh. While North and Eastern India were strongly hit with Bihar facing the maximum damage in India, in Nepal, it caused massive destruction the scale of which was to realize in coming hours.

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©/IPR: Santosh Chaubey –