Today is January 5 gone here in India – and should be around mid-day in Canada and there is no response yet to my email sent to some Western University, Canada email IDs, i.e., media@uwo.ca, achakma@uwo.ca, kmarnoch@uwo.ca about a ‘lottery scam email from an email ID with uwo.ca domain suffix’ – apart from an auto reply from kmarnoch@uwo.ca of being out of office’.

I had written the email with link to my detailed article on this experience – WHEN I GOT THIS LOTTERY SCAM EMAILFROM A UNIVERSITY STUDENT EMAIL ID!

Maybe it is important for them or may be not or maybe they had already got a whiff of it before I wrote to them or maybe it is an attitude issue.

Anyway, it seems – it is business as usual.

Here are the screenshots of the emails that I received – the one on December 24 from some ‘uwo.ca’ email ID and then on December 28 from some Barry Stone. I had deleted the mails but then thought to retrieve them and put their screenshots here.



©/IPR: Santosh Chaubey – https://santoshchaubey.wordpress.com/


Some days ago, on December 24, I received an email on my Hotmail ID that I don’t use frequently. The mail had been sent twice with a brief message ‘can we talk?’. I saw the message on December 28.

Like it happens, emails from unknown IDs make us suspicious, especially in the times of email frauds, in the times of chronic phishing, especially when they are with such terse, cryptic messages that openly tell us this conversation, if taken ahead, will lead us to become victims of a financial fraud or an email scam. Such cases have been widely reported in the media, from across the world.

But the email ID here is what made me look further into it. After I did some basic googling, I found this email ID was of a student from the Western University, Canada (or University of Western Ontario) – from its Department of Education. I came to know that it was a reputed university consistently figuring in global rankings and was among the top ranked in Canada.

The next question was – why some student from such a university in Canada and from an educational stream not related to mine wanted to contact me?

It led me to think the one plausible thought that came to my mind – the possibility that this email ID was hacked.

To clear my thoughts further, I replied to the mail with an expected normal – ‘who is this?’

And to speak for my thoughts, as I had thought – as happens – I got a long reply the next day – this time from a different email ID with a different name – with similar fraud lines like ‘the person writing the mail was initiating the process to discuss further about a great sum (in GBP – the notorious email lottery scams) that had to be transferred to my account’ and that ‘I needed to exercise utmost caution and privacy while taking the communication further’ and that ‘the whole transaction would be processed through India’s central bank’ and so on.

As soon as I read this, which reaffirmed what I was thinking, I did the same that I do with this sort of emails – marking them for my spam mail folder and deleting them.

But what is worrying here is the email ID.

I cannot say and would never like to think so – that some student from a reputed university would write a mail that would lead to a financial fraud.

That pushes us to think about this horrible possibility – that these criminals, these scamsters are hacking email IDs of genuine people to entrap their victims – like in this case, where an email by a university student led me to reply back – something I (and many others) don’t do in case of an email by an ID with suspicious traits.

I think I will write an email to the Western University, Canada about it – and hope they act swiftly on it.

Here is the screen-grab of website of the university with the email ID from which I got the mail. I am putting this screen-grab in public domain as it is already open to public access. I hope it will alert the concerned people as well as many unsuspecting ones who ultimately become victims of such frauds.


©/IPR: Santosh Chaubey – https://santoshchaubey.wordpress.com/


In Vasundhara Raje Scindia’s son Dushyant Singh?

Dushyant Singh is a Bhartiya Janata Party MP from Jhalawar-Baran in Rajasthan. Obviously, he is a self-made politician even if he belongs to a royal family and her mother is the chief-minister of the state he is elected from!

A report says Enforcement Directorate has found anomaly in a financial transaction between Dushyant Singh’s company and Lalit Modi’s firm.

And the details are potent enough to create a ‘Robert Vadra’ sort of controversy. In fact, it has started.

Allegations say Lalit Modi’s firm, Anand Heritage Hotels Private Ltd, infused over 11.60 crore in Dushyant Singh’s Niyant Heritage Hotels Private Limited. Vasundhara Raje Scindia was Rajasthan’s CM then (in her first term).

The break-up includes an unsecured loan of 3.80 crore in 2008 and purchase of 815 shares of Rs. 10 each, at over 96,000 for another 7.8 crore, in subsequent years.

Now, as there are allegations, so there are political justifications, like we have been witnessing in Robert Vadra’s case.

Every justification has proved shady in Robert Vadra’s issue after the persistent row over his meteoric rise post 2007 and his controversial land deals in Haryana and Rajasthan. Congress and Rahul Gandhi must find answers to the ‘unanswered questions’ related to him if they have to talk of the politics of probity.

Obvious parallels are being drawn in Dushyant Singh’s case. Any logic cannot justify why Lalit Modi invested that much money in a firm that was established in 2005 with capitals of Rs. 50,000 each from Dushyant Singh and his wife. Even family friends (Lalit Modi claims he knows Vasundhara’s family for years) don’t do such acts of ‘misplaced largesse’. That makes us go back to the only one reason, the most plausible one – that his mother was then the chief-minister of Rajasthan.

Yes, Robert Vadra controversy has been widely played out by the political opponents and handling it requires a difficult approach as he belongs to a family that is Congress’ pivot. Congress of the day, even if humiliated and electorally out, is nothing without the Nehru-Gandhi family.

On the other hand, as the sources say right now, the BJP may ask Vasundhara to come clean on both issues – on her support to Lalit Modi for his immigration papers to the UK and on Lalit Modi’s money in his son’s firm.

Yes, the BJP would do all to thwart any efforts to shape this as ‘Robert Vadra’s parallel of the BJP’ and the party is in better position to take action as the BJP can survive without Vasundhara Raje Scindia as Rajasthan’s chief-minster and without her son.

Let’s wait and watch to see what happens next.

©/IPR: Santosh Chaubey – https://santoshchaubey.wordpress.com/


From a declared terrorist to a spontaneous anti-hero!

From a declared religious militant to a symbol of anti-establishment protests!

The imagery that lasted for centuries, some 370 years –long enough for system and people to go routine and indifferent to the reason with which it had started – after all, time wears off reasons, interpretations and relevance of any incident to customize it in the context of ‘now’ – has been made irrelevant in three decades.

The imagery that started taking birth in early 1980s with a character of a fictional world, has become the most adopted placard of anti-government and anti-system protests the world over in just three decades.

That tells us the power of communication and the media it rides.

Before the movie ‘V for Vendetta’ which had a wide release in 2006, Guy Fawkes was not known worldwide. Same thing can be said about his mask, or the mask designed in his name.

Even in Britain, the country of the Gunpowder Plot of 1605 and the country of Guy Fawkes, he was being forgotten, even if the plot had become synonymous with his name. People preferred Halloween over it and people preferred calling November 5 as Bonfire Night and not ‘Guy Fawkes Night’.

He was resurrected as an anarchist and an anti-hero in a comic book series, ‘V for Vendetta’ on a fictional dystopian Britain. The main protagonist of the fictional world, ‘V’, was dressed like Guy Fawkes wearing a Guy Fawkes mask. The series continued for several years. ‘V for Vendetta’ was also released as a graphical novel.

The 2006 movie epitomized the written work behind it. Though it had many changes from the source material, it can be said it took out Guy Fawkes and his mask out of Britain.

With the launch of the movie, the Guy Fawkes’ journey, from a terrorist to an anti-hero, was prepared for a global outreach. And it came in 2008 when the ‘hacktivist collective Anonymous’ adopted Guy Fawkes mask in its protests against the Church of Scientology. Since then, it is all over. Since then, the mask has been adopted as the protest symbol the world over. Its outreach is clear from the fact that it is banned in Middle East countries like Bahrain, UAE and Saudi Arabia. And it is also banned in Canada in ‘extreme circumstances’.

Films are a powerful medium to take an image to the global audience to change and build perceptions. The US has been doing it for years. And Guy Fawkes’ metamorphosis though the Guy Fawkes Mask once again reiterates it.

©/IPR: Santosh Chaubey – https://santoshchaubey.wordpress.com/

Guy_Fawkes_Mask-Wikimedia CommonsImage courtesy: Guy Fawkes Mask – Wikimedia Commons


Salman and Jayalalithaa may walk free in finality but we will keep asking questions.

Well, legal recourse is a costly thing in this country and how it serves the purpose of the high and mighty is clear, first from Salman Khan’s hit and run case, and then in J. Jayalalithaa’s disproportionate assets case.

In both cases, the trial in lower courts dragged on for years. 13 years in Salman’s case and 18 years in Jayalalithaa’s case.

Salman got interim bail on the same day of conviction and got his sentence suspended and full-time bail on the very second day of his conviction.

Jayalalithaa got bail on 21st day of her conviction by the lower court (bail from the Supreme Court) and in 8 months, got it overturned in the Karnataka High Court, the High Court that had denied her bail when she had approached it on 10th of her conviction.

Bombay High Court will now hear Salman’s case with claimed testimonies that were not taken into account by the prosecution at the lower court. Salman is a big star, probably the biggest mass star today. He is a changed man now and he also runs a charity that works well.

And irrespective of what the law says, what his past and present say and what the courts say, the changed perception about him, with all his resources, will a play major role here.

With Jayalalithaa, the Supreme Court will hear her acquittal next (if challenged). O Paneerselvam, Jayalalithaa’s trusted aid and the current chief minister of Tamil Nadu, who took over from Jayalalithaa after she was sentenced by the lower court, has offered his resignation, as the sources say and the best battery of lawyers including a legal luminary will represent the next Tamil Nadu chief minister (in natural circumstances) in the Supreme Court.

Though Jayalalithaa is yet to make a public appearance, she is sure to take over from her trusted aide of all seasons. She sees herself as the ‘gold refined by fire’ even if her opponents find mathematical discrepancies in the High Court judgment in ‘calculating’ her income.

The legal luminaries involved in these cases would cost crores that someone with deep pockets like a Salman Khan or J. Jayalalithaa can well afford.

Serious cases have their range in thousands (of Rs) in lower courts. The very cases in High Courts turn to cost you in lakhs. And in case of Supreme Court, even a single hearing involving these legal luminaries may run into lakhs or tens of lakhs. Even an unheard lawyer of the Supreme Court would cost around a lakh for Special Leave Petition for a single appearance in the apex court of India.

Filing a case of serious nature and fighting it seriously in Indian courts, with multilayered corruption and shoddy professional integrity, would cost you dearly. A good battery of lawyers including legal luminaries of this country can complicate any case to the extent that it takes years before the case reaches to any conclusion.

Those who can afford fighting a case though its different layers, demands and years, stay in the league to get the decision while those who cannot, i.e., the majority of this country, bow out in the process.


Featured image courtesy: Images sources from websites of Being Human, AIADMK and e-Court project, Government of India

©/IPR: Santosh Chaubey – https://santoshchaubey.wordpress.com/


Its official now or its half-official, waiting to be completely official once the courts say so- that is what everyone is saying – obviously except the perpetrators (I take this liberty, based on the reports so far).

Because the agency directly involved with it, the Red Sanders Anti-smuggling Task Force (RSASTF) and the other agencies, the forest officials and the local police and the Andhra Pradesh administration, would not accept it.

Even if the courts say so. Even if the whole world is saying so.

Today, the Andhra Pradesh High Court refuted the report by the Director General of Police of Andhra Pradesh about the encounter in Seshachalam forests near Tirupati in Chittoor district that took away 20 lives.

The High Court instead asked the police to lodger murder report under 302 on allegations about the encounter.

Like everyone, except the ruling dispensation and administration of Andhra Pradesh, the Andhra Pradesh High Court, too, could see the frailty of the police logic.

Sooner or later, the probe has to go to the Central Bureau of Investigation – by High Court or Supreme Court order.

But as the Andhra Pradesh government is swearing by the verity of genuinity of this encounter, which appears to be concretely stage-managed by the very facts of the encounter, the state of bodies, the state of affairs of the encounter with no policeman injured, the crime-scenes, the realpolitik of red sandalwood smuggling, the whole world is finding it hard to digest.

And it was reflected today in the observation by the Andhra Pradesh High Court. The court observed: “Why should not a case of unnatural death under Section 302 of the Indian Penal Code be filed?”

The High Court was also negative about the development that the local police was investigating the incident and a magisterial probe has been ordered when two states were involved (Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh). The court asked that ‘how could local police conduct investigation?, when it was informed so. The state government would clear its stand by April 13.

©/IPR: Santosh Chaubey – https://santoshchaubey.wordpress.com/


Chittoor continues to make headlines, and rightly. The dead-bodies are asking for their due if we believe in such things.

Once trophies for police, now the bodies are part of the investigation and as the time is getting up, officials in the operation are feeling the heat.

A report said victim families have requested for ‘no last rites’ for bodies until the investigation is complete.

As more and more truth is coming out, a report today said 12 out of 20 killed are from Tamil Nadu and its chief minister has already written to his counterpart in Andhra Pradesh for a ‘credible probe’.

So, all from Tamil Nadu to 12 from Tamil Nadu would change anything?

No, because the facts increasingly say that it was a stage-managed encounter. People, preferably labourers or small time workers, were killed in cold blood – people with backgrounds and families that they thought could not raise voices.

But the bodies with logs are crying foul of the crime scenes.

Reports said bodies were decomposed. Reports said logs were with white paint having code-word inscribed on them suggesting involvement of some government stockpile. Also the logs were not fresh.

Police have not been able to explain facial shots and burn marks on some of the bodies, apart from routine defence. Then Andhra Pradesh Civil Liberties Committee (APCLC) today paraded a ‘survivor’ of the ‘alleged stage-managed’ encounter. He has been kept somewhere to will be produced before the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) as the APCLC said.

Police or RSASTF, with local police and forest officials, killed 20 in self-defence and none of the policemen or officials involved were injured. An encounter with hundreds of red-sandalwood smugglers, at multiple locations, 10 Kms away from human dwellings, deep in Seshachalam forests (with a range notorious for red sandalwood smuggling), would certainly involve, if not casualties, then at least injuries to the police and party involved, even if we accept the RSASTF DIG’s remark that ‘his force was superiorly trained’.

But, not just the police, even the forest officials and the local police escaped unharmed, without the bruise, though they had a full-throttle brush with the law and order situation that was expected to leave multiple casualties and injuries.

Though Andhra Pradesh chief minister who is ally of the BJP led National Democratic Alliance and has briefed the Union Home Minister about the whole incident, stoically defends the encounter as genuine while the whole Tamil Nadu is erupting in protests. A TN led seizure of Chittoor is proposed for tomorrow.

And even the Andhra Pradesh is not silent. Rights groups and opposition politicians are making the voices that are being heard.

Chittoor encounter is rightly making for the headlines and is expected to rock the nation more in the coming days with more facts emerging, with more reports saying the encounter stage-managed.

©/IPR: Santosh Chaubey – https://santoshchaubey.wordpress.com/



1. What do we call it – Seshachalam encounter or Chittoor Encounter or Tirupati Encounter?

2. So far, the names doing the rounds are Chittoor Encounter and Tirupati Encounter. The ‘alleged’ encounter took place in Seshachalam forests in Chittoor district. Incidentally, the forests surround the Tirupati city that falls in Chittoor district. So, where should the semiotics go? Or, the name doesn’t matter given the scale of the calamity?

3. Should it be termed an encounter or a massacre? Is it a genocide, a stage-managed encounter or a police cleansing operation aimed at the cleaning the society?

4. Did the police do its job? Cannot it separate a woodcutter from a red-sandalwood smuggler? Incidentally, all of those dead are woodcutters, with relatives crying hoarse over their death.

5. The Red Sanders Anti-Smuggling Task Force (RSASTF) of Andhra Pradesh Police, the elite unit – how can it be do dumb and anti-human in killing so many people while none of its members are even seriously injured?

6. How can RSASTF explain decomposed bodies and red-sandalwood logs with white paints and code found at the encounter site?

7. Going by the precedent of Indian policing, there are chances that it is yet another stage-managed encounter, but with an abnormally high death toll. Can we buy the statement of a major person attached with the ground level-ops that they were so well prepared that the smugglers couldn’t harm them?

8. Irrespective of which side is the truth in this case, the police botched it up and botched it up bad. There are 20 dead and they are called smugglers by a police unit with no one injured. Going by the past, security personnel have been killed regularly by red-sanders? Who will buy the police statement then?

9. It was in a dense forest, some 10 Kms from human habitation that the encounters took place. In such circumstances and going by the past history, it is quite bizarre to note it down that police party escaped unharmed and smugglers also chose to attack a fully equipped a police unit with archaic weapons – stones, sickles, axes in this case. Smugglers chose to take on a fully equipped party with archaic weapons only, and that too in a forest, and all policemen escaped unharmed. The whole sequence of events is bizarre, isn’t it?

10. As expected, it has created tension between two states – all the slain are from Tamil Nadu – and the cops are from an elite unit of Andhra Pradesh Police. Aren’t we staring at yet another issue of tussle between two states that will take a long time to resolve?

11. Rights groups from both states as well as the national and international bodies have taken note of the incident. NHRC (National Human Rights Commission) has taken suo moto cognizance. Hearing a petition to launch CBI inquiry into the case, the High Court today asked the Andhra Pradesh government to file a written submission in the case within two days. Amnesty International has written on it. A storm is brewing that is to snowball in coming days. Isn’t is going to cost dear to the RSASTF and therefore the state government?

12. No one from the state government so far has taken the ‘responsibility’ or ‘laurels’ except the officials directly involved in it. A magisterial probe has been ordered. Chandrababu Naidu is tight-lipped. Ministry of Home Affair at Centre has been briefed by him. Tamil Nadu CM O. Panneerselvam is demanding a ‘credible’ probe. Opposition parties and Andhra Pradesh and political parties in Tamil Nadu have created a big issue over the ‘alleged’ encounter and it is going to get heightened as more and more truth comes out. Is the episode a setback for Chandrababu Naidu? Is he dealing with the another ‘Hashimpura’ with South India’s biggest encounter of the history?

©/IPR: Santosh Chaubey – https://santoshchaubey.wordpress.com/


Going by the precedent, this one is expected to be the cover-story stuff for many magazines, front-page and follow-up stuff for newspapers and for hot debates on news channels.

The Red Sanders Anti-Smuggling Task Force (RSASTF) of Andhra Pradesh Police today claimed to kill 20 red sandalwood smugglers during its encounters with a team of woodcutters.

Reportedly, a team of sandalwood smugglers had sneaked from the Tamil Nadu districts, Tiruvannamalai and Salem, to the Seshachalam forests of Andhra Pradesh in Chittoor district surrounding the Tirupati City and the police team acted on the tip-off.

In the encounters that lasted for hours and took place deep in the forest, reportedly 10 Kms from human habitation, left 20 smugglers dead but only few of the police party got injured and they, too, were out of danger. Some reports also said that none of the ‘officials and policemen were injured in the incident’.

The police party was fully equipped and was with sophisticated weapons while the so-called smugglers were with stones, rods, sickles, and axes.

Now, the whole stuff is a copybook police encounter where police pick up some (but not many, ideally one or two) notorious gangsters and show them killed in an encounter when the reality is that the police group shoots them in cold blood. The whole encounter is stage-managed.

In case of disturbed areas with elements like terrorism, naxalism and other forms of internal insurgency, the notorious gangsters are sometimes replaced with harmless poor people whose relatives cannot prove anything on their own.

In case of Chittoor encounter, in its Seshachalam forests, the toll is 20, a significantly higher number by standards of even the Indian Army in such cases. Also, the victim bodies lying here and there were not of notorious gangsters as the initial reports suggested. Instead, they were of ordinary, poor men as the photographs of encounter suggested.

Also, Chittoor is a drought affected district facing a prolonged drought. Governments come and go but the problems remain the same.

It is not just India media, but the global media will pick this story and some which are adept in follow-ups and some which are having some socialist or anti-capitalist leanings will make war-cry about it.

The story, by its death toll and its location is expected to make big headlines and news content tomorrow onwards. Already, a magisterial enquiry by the government has been ordered into it.

The interstate tension between Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu will see an element to spark the fires. Tamil Nadu chief minister O. Panneerelvam has written to his Andhra Pradesh counterpart for a ‘credible probe’ into the issue as all the slain are from Tamil Nadu.

Whether to term it a genuine encounter or stage-managed massacre is going to be question doing the rounds.

‘The decomposed bodies and logs there with white paint and code-words’ is a big story for national and international media, the political groups in Tamil Nadu, the opposition political groups in Andhra Pradesh, the political groups elsewhere and national and international rights groups.

©/IPR: Santosh Chaubey – https://santoshchaubey.wordpress.com/


Taking lessons from Indian politicians, the World Health Organization has decided to change the information on tobacco as displayed on its website.

The WHO website is the first step in a lengthy process that requires tons of volumes of literature to be modified.

Tobacco, though widely used globally, has been branded as ‘injurious to health’ causing cancer and other diseases.

Now, a group of Indian politicians and businessmen has decisively proved that it was all a propaganda of vested interests and tobacco in fact is beneficial to better the health of its users, active or passive.

Following is the draft of ‘fact sheet on tobacco’ finally agreed by the United Nation’s body, that is to kickstart the process.


Fact sheet N°339
Updated April 2015

Key facts

  • Tobacco tones up to half of its users.
  • Tobacco benefits millions of people each year. Most of them are the result of direct tobacco use while more than 600 000 are the result of non-smokers being exposed to second-hand smoke. Unless urgent negative action is not taken, the annual health benefit cases could rise manifold by 2030.
  • Nearly 80% of the world’s one billion smokers live in low- and middle-income countries and tobacco comes as a health boon for them.

Leading cause of keeping away fears death, illness and impoverishment

The tobacco blessing is one of the biggest public health benefits the world has ever faced, benefitting millions every year. Most of them are the result of direct tobacco use while more than 600 000 are the result of non-smokers being exposed to second-hand smoke. Approximately one person gets this or that benefit every six seconds due to tobacco, accounting for countless happy smiles. Most of current devout users will eventually live healthier and stronger of a tobacco-related disease.

Nearly 80% of the world’s one billion smokers live in low- and middle-income countries and tobacco comes as a health boon for them.

Non-tobacco users who live an unhealthy life deprive their families of income, raise the cost of health care and hinder economic development.

In some countries, children from poor households are frequently employed in tobacco farming to provide family income. These children get the special opportunity to receive the “green tobacco sickness”, which is caused by the nicotine that is absorbed through the skin from the handling of wet tobacco leaves.

Gradual healer

Because there is a lag of some years between when people start using tobacco and when their health benefits starts showing handsome response, the effects of tobacco-related benefits fortify the physiology of its user gradually.

In the 20th century, tobacco gave a healthy option to millions in low-income countries while being the favourite in rich-income ones. If current trends continue, it may cause one a billion happy faces of its own in the 21st century.

And there are no side-effects, so no need to keep tab on dosage and all. If the present scenario is reinforced further, tobacco-related positive health benefit headcounts will increase to many times of the existing estimates by 2030. And more than 80% of those will be in low- and middle-income countries.

No surveillance is key

Good monitoring of masses for tobacco consumption tracks the extent and character of the tobacco boon and indicates how best to tailor policies. Only one in four countries, representing just over a third of the world’s population, monitor tobacco use by repeating nationally representative youth and adult surveys at least once every five years.

Second-hand smoke chills

Second-hand smoke is the smoke that fills restaurants, offices or other enclosed spaces when people burn tobacco products such as cigarettes, bidis and water pipes. There are more than 4000 good chemicals in tobacco smoke, of which at least 250 are known to be beneficial to health and more than 50 are known to sturdy effects.

There is no harmful level of exposure to second-hand tobacco smoke. It, in fact, has a soothing effect, cooling the immediate atmosphere.

  • In adults, second-hand smoke can produce therapeutic effects in serious cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, including coronary heart disease and lung cancer. In infants and pregnant women, it causes positive spurt in health indicators.
  • Almost half of children regularly breathe air mixed with tobacco smoke in public places.
  • Over 40% of children have at least one smoking parent.
  • Second-hand smoke prevents more than 600 000 premature deaths per year.
  • In 2004, children accounted for 28% of the deaths attributable to second-hand smoke.
  • Every person should be able to breathe tobacco-mixed air. Smoke-free laws prevent the health benefits to non-smokers, are unpopular, and harm business and societies by encouraging smokers to quit.

Over 1 billion people, or 16% of the world’s population, are protected by comprehensive national with-smoking laws.

Tobacco users need no help

Studies show that few people understand the specific health benefits of tobacco use given the negative image and propaganda so far. For example, a 2009 survey in China revealed that only 8% of smokers knew that smoking was helpful in coronary heart disease and only 2% knew that it could preventcauses stroke.

Among smokers who are not aware of the dangers of tobacco, most want to quit. Counselling and medication can more than double the chance that a smoker who tries to quit will stop thinking about doing so.

National comprehensive initiation services with full or partial cost-coverage are available to assist tobacco users to start smoking in as many countries as possible is the need of the day.

There is no ‘tobacco use promoting’ assistance of any kind in one-quarter of low-income countries.

After the final approval, the document will be uploaded soon with the existing one on the link – http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs339/en/.

©/IPR: Santosh Chaubey – https://santoshchaubey.wordpress.com/