Two developments that are intricately interwoven around Jammu & Kashmir, India-Pakistan bilateral ties, BJP’s politics and political identity and National Democratic Alliance government are taking some curvaceous churning these days.

The BJP and Narendra Modi have had a reflection of nationalist pro-Hindutva politics with a tough stance on dialogue with Pakistan.

But in the changed political scenario, with the responsibility of running the world’s largest democracy, any hard-line stance needs moderation. In fact, the stance needs some fundamental changes to redefine what constitutes nationalism. And it requires effectively nullifying the pro-Hindutva reflections here.

The BJP and Narendra Modi realize it. The party, along with its most popular and successful leader of the time, has to go through this transition, something on the lines of having a ‘nationalist, secular identity’ with a global vision of being a responsible world power. And whatever we think or have discourses on, the global community along with its world powers, still want India and Pakistan to talk, even if bilaterally, over J&K. Yes, it’s true that Pakistan has lost most of its currency on the issue, but it is still some years away that the world finally discards Pakistan’s hollow rhetoric on it.

So, there are different approaches to the two core problems that have shaped the BJP’s politics over the years – the party’s stand on Jammu & Kashmir and on dialogue with India Pakistan.

The ups and downs in talks with Pakistan are its truest reflections. First inviting Nawaz Sharif, even with other SAARC head of states, to his government’s inauguration, then suspending India-Pakistan Foreign Secretary level talks on Pakistan’s High Commissioner’s meet with J&K separatists, then again pushing for the talks with FS S. Jaishankar’s Pakistan visit beginning tomorrow, even if it is part of an extended trip, the ‘SAARC Yatra’.

And these reflections are further reflected in the prolonged discussions on government formation in J&K. The PDP and the BJP are two extremes in terms of ideologies and it took months of negotiations to arrive at some deal to form the coalition government in the state with BJP MLAs taking ministerial oath for the first time. Everything about this alliance has been uneasy so far, including its beginning with the chief minister Mufti Mohammad Sayeed thanking Pakistan, separatists and militants for ‘allowing’ peaceful elections in the state.

But, these may be written off as the initial hiccups of some unusual, uneasy formations, that if the BJP pulls of effectively, will become milestones in redefining its political identity and thus its political space in the India’s socio-political future.

©/IPR: Santosh Chaubey –


India and Pakistan because cannot be brought to peace because the ‘disquiet’ is always Pakistan provoked; because of Pakistan’s belligerent ruling class gets its lease of life from its military that in turn draws authority in the country due to its anti-India stand exploiting the deep chasms of Hindu-Muslim divide across the border.

India is undoubtedly an emerging world power, already the world’s third largest economy and projected to be having the largest middle class by 2030, is a place the world economy is looking up to. No other country including China has the edge of a huge consuming middle class that can satiate the needs of the world’s capital flow. Its market is going to transcend all and the world powers know it.

India is also the world’s largest democracy, a responsible democracy, a democracy that has the potential to play the role of power packed export house of talent, a democracy that is space power, and that is a military power of growing prowess.

Why would it engage in hostilities with a small country like Pakistan when it knows a peaceful Pakistan is good for its own growth?

And India can handle bullies like Pakistan on its own the world community is increasingly realizing it, irrespective of how many times, including today’s, Pakistan pleads for world intervention in the Kashmir issue.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi chided Pakistan reminding the neighbouring nation of the futility of raising the K-issue on international forums saying a UN platform would only derail the process and no one in the world community reacted on it. That should have been the clear message to Pakistan. Because the world community knows India will not provoke hostilities on its own.

But then, Pakistan’s political leadership has had no spine and has had a skewed character crushed under the iron-grip of a shadowy military that has nothing but anti-India rhetoric and machinery to draw its sanctity from.

Conflicts like India-Pakistan border issue are bilateral in nature and subside with the increased world stature of one of the parties involved and that would ultimately happen in this case. India is becoming bigger while Pakistan is facing a worsening civil war in its restive provinces and terror threats across the country.

At the same time, Pakistan is seen as ‘terror sponsoring and exporting’ nation-state and a forced peace in Pakistan, sooner or later, would become a world liability, something a must element for the world peace. Yes, no one can say when. Probably, when the terrorists would threaten the Pakistan’s nuclear arsenal with their direct reach.

Till then, India can maintain peace and tranquillity along its borders with Pakistan. And India doesn’t need to go over the top for it because Kashmir may be an issue of survival for Pakistan’s military and politicians but it is no issue at all in India, in spite of the decades of Pakistan-sponsored terrorism in the state.

Use of restrained force has become a necessity in these days of state-sponsored terrorism and transnational terror outfits and that is what India did during this round of unprovoked ceasefire violations targeting and killing civilians and the world community knows it.

©/IPR: Santosh Chaubey –