Now this is really crass and sounds blasphemous when it comes from the Agriculture Minister of India.
India is the world’s largest democracy.
It is also the world third largest economy.
It is now the fastest growing economy of the world.
It is also projected to have the world largest share of middle class by 2030, a ‘must’ market for transnational corporations and economies.
It is the founder member of the New Development Bank of BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa) grouping, an important global block of emerging economies with potential to drive the world economy (and the geopolitics). It also joined Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) this month.
It is a proven global power in space technology.
Its information-technology industry is among the best in the world.
India is being seen as a true global power. Nations across the globe are accepting it. Suddenly, Pakistan is no match for India. Until now, the comparison has been about how China is far ahead of India – especially on economic indicators – and therefore, the development they bring. Now, the analyses are mostly about how China is slowing down and saturating and how India is poised to become the next global economic powerhouse.
It has had a Narendra Modi led government since May 2014 that is seen excelling in promoting Brand India on different global platforms.
But, in spite of the all the claims and realities, India is still an agrarian economy – with number of people dependent on it.
But, in spite of employing some 55% of the populations, agriculture’s share in the national GDP has shrunk to just 14%.
In spite of the fact that GDP has expanded and services and manufacturing have major shares now, the share of people dependent on agriculture has not come down in that large a proportion. It means a GDP contributor that has seen consistently reduced pie in the overall chart has much more people to support than other sectors of economy. If we follow the simple logic of ‘supply and demand’, ‘supply’ of people dependent on agriculture has far outdone their demand for a resource that is growing scare in, i.e., land area has remained the same but has always been cursed to support an ever increasing number of population directly dependent on it. That leaves most of its dependents in a perpetual state of instability, i.e., farmers.
Growth in the number of agricultural labourers since the independence has surpassed that of cultivators by a large margin. India had around 70 million cultivators in 1947 while agriculture labourers were at around 27 million. But in 2011, agricultural labourers surpassed cultivators by around 26 million (118 million cultivators to 144 million labourers).
P. Sainath writes that some 2035 farmers lose their ‘cultivator status’ daily. They obviously join the class of landless farmers or agricultural labourers.
Every year, thousands of farmers are forced to commit suicide due to financial problems and dependent social evils. And it has been an unending black spot on India for decades. Unseasonal rains during first few months of this year forced more than a thousand farmers to take their lives in Maharashtra alone.
In spite of all its economic advances and industrial growth, India has not been able to address many glaring sociological gaps prevalent in the country.
In spite of its increasing global stature, India is yet to find a way to address its increasing social disparity, the widening gap between haves and have-nots.
India has still hollow and questionable answers to debates like ‘India Vs Bharat’, Metro India Vs Small Town India and Urban India Vs Hinterland India’.
And the ways to the way go through our political establishment, elected to run the country, since the first elections were held after the independence.
And when a minister from that political establishment, from an elected government, expresses such insensitive remarks, we feel so low – the nation, once again, is forced to feel that India would never be able to bridge its ‘class gaps’ with such policymakers.
And Radha Mohan Singh’s is not a standalone case.
©/IPR: Santosh Chaubey – https://santoshchaubey.wordpress.com/